Semantic Roles of The Verb “To See” in Javenese of Kertosono

  • A.A.A Ngr. Adriyanti Weda Ningrat Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar, Bali-Indonesia
  • I Nyoman Kardana Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar, Bali-Indonesia
  • Mirsa Umiyati Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar, Bali-Indonesia
Keywords: Natural Semantic Metalanguage, Semantic Roles, Verb “To See”

Abstract

This study reveals the semantic fields from the "to see" verb in Javanese. The aims of this research is to describe the shape, function, meaning and role of semantic of each variant of the verb "to see". To realize this goal, qualitative research design was applied in this study and the semantic role theory of Vole and Van Valin (1984). Was also oriented in data analysis. Verbs that have semantic fields that are associated with the "to see" verb with intentional entities numbering 33. Each of them is ndêlok, ndêlêng, ningali, mirsani, ndeleng sacleraman, ndêlêng tênanên, ningali saestu, mirsani saestu, ningali sekedhap, mirsani sekedhap, mlengos, ngwasi, ngêmatake, ngematakên, ndhangak, dingkluk, nginceng, ngêlirêk, mêntêlêngi, ndelok mburi, and maca. The semantic roles of the arguments of each verb consist of agents and themes. This study only sheds light on the meaning field verb "to see" of the type of variant and a little about the general semantic role. For this reason, a more detailed study of the specific role of each variant of the verb is a topic that can be raised in the next study.

References

Ayatrohaedi. (1979). Dialektologi: Sebuah Pengantar. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan Dan Pengembangan Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Booij, G. (2007). The grammar of words. An introduction to morphology. 2nd edition: Oxford textbooks in linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Crystal, D. (1985). A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. 2nd edition. New York: Basil Blackwell.

Foley, W. A., & Van Valin, R. D. J. (1984). Functional syntax and universal grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Goddard, C. (1996). Read all about it! The news about child abuse. Child Abuse Review, 5, 301–309. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-0852(199612)5:5%3C301::AID-CAR295%3E3.0.CO;2-H

Herawati, D., Hermintoyo, M., & Amin, M. F. (2012). Afiks Pembentuk Verba Bahasa Jawa Dialek Tegal: Kajian Deskriptif Struktural. Jurnal Ilmu Budaya, 1(1), 1–7.

Subiyanto, A. (2011). Struktur Semantik Verba Proses Tipe Kejadian Bahasa Jawa: Kajian Metabahasa Semantik Alami. Kajian Linguistik Dan Sastra, 23(2), 165–176.

Suktiningsih, W. (2017). Struktur Semantis Verba “Membawa” Bahasa Sunda: Kajian Metabahasa Semantik Alami. Journal on Language and Literature, 1(July), 1–11.

Suwartono, T. (2019). Penanda Verba Pasif dalam Bahasa Jawa. Kajian Linguistik Dan Sastra, 1(2), 164–171.

Van Valin, R. D., & LaPolla, R. J. (1997). Syntax: Structure, Meaning, and Function. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wierzbicka, A. (1996). Semantics: Primes and Universals. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from https://philpapers.org/rec/WIESPA

Zaim, M. (2014). Metode Penelitian Bahasa: Pendekatan Struktural. (Ermanto, Ed.). Padang: Penerbit FBS UNP Press Padang.

Published
2019-10-15
How to Cite
Ningrat, A. N. A. W., Kardana, I. N., & Umiyati, M. (2019). Semantic Roles of The Verb “To See” in Javenese of Kertosono. RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa, 5(2), 122-129. https://doi.org/10.22225/jr.5.2.1139.122-129
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 53 times
PDF downloaded = 23 times