Functions of Speech Acts in “Critical Eleven”

  • Ida Ayu Putu Arini Dewi Universitas Warmadewa
  • I Nyoman Kardana Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar Bali
  • I Nyoman Muliana Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar Bali
Keywords: Critical Eleven, function of Speech, Pragmatic, speech acts

Abstract

This study aims to examine the speech act functions found in the “Critical Eleven” film and reveal the conversational implicatures used by the film actors. To actualise this aims, this study was conducted using qualitative research designs and by making the speech act theory of (Levinson, 1983) and the speech act function theory of Searle (1979) as the basis for examining the speech act functions in the said film according to its type. The data were collected using the simak method, a method similar to observation one accompanied by an act of scrutinizing speeches of the actors in the film “Critical Eleven”. The oral data were collected from the conversations then transcribed into written data. The data analysis result are presented informally or descriptively. The results of data analysis showed there are five speech act functions in the film, namely representative, directive, commissive, expressive, and declarative. The representative function is manifested in the act of giving witness, acknowledging, and stating. The directive one includes the act of asking, and urging. Commissive function includes expressing abilities and promising. Expressive function includes blaming, praising, and congratulating. Declarative function is manifested in the act of prohibiting. Examining the function and meaning of speech acts in the film “Critical Eleven” from the perspective of sociolinguistics is an important topic to raise in further research.

 

References

Austin, J. L. (1962). How to Do Things With Words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Azhari, A. S., Priono, & Nuriadi. (2018). Speech Acts of Classroom Interaction. Internatonal Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 4(2), 24–45. Retrieved from https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/72

Elfiani. (2000). Analisis Tindak Tutur Langsung dan Tidak Langsung dalam Film “Inikah Cinta” karya Agus Hartanto dengan Menggunakan Kajian Lingustik. Universitas Mataram.

Etikasari, D. (2012). Tindak Tutur Direktif dalam Wacana Kelas (Kajian Mikroetnografi Terhadap Bahasa Guru). Jurnal Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra Indonesia, Dan Daerah. Retrieved from https://docplayer.info/39544799-Tindak-tutur-direktif-dalam-wacana-kelas-kajian-mikroetnografi-terhadap-bahasa-guru.html

Indrawati. (2009). Context in Pragmatics. Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature, 3(2). Retrieved from https://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/LC/article/view/916

Leech, G. (1993). Prinsip-prinsip Pragmatik. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia (UI-Press).

Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambrigde University Press.

Munawaroh, S. (2008). Tindak Tutur dalam Dialog Film Berbagi Suami Karya Nia Dinata (Sebuah Tinjauan Pragmatik) (Universitas Sebelas Maret). Retrieved from https://digilib.uns.ac.id/dokumen/detail/8879/Tindak-tutur-dalam-dialog-film-Berbagi-Suami-karya-Nia-Dinata-sebuah-tinjauan-pragmatik

Nadar, F. X. (2009). Pragmatik & Penelitian Pragmatik. Jogjakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Parera, J. D. (2004). Teori Semantik. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Slotta, J. (2019). Pragmatics. Researchgate. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328529101_Pragmatics

Sujatmika, K. (2011). Tindak Tutur dalam Dialog Film Garuda di Dadaku Karya Salman Aristo (Sebuah Tinjauan Pragmatik) (Universitas Muhammadyah Surakarta). Retrieved from http://eprints.ums.ac.id/11567/

Published
2020-04-28
How to Cite
Dewi, I. A. P. A., Kardana , I. N., & Muliana, I. N. (2020). Functions of Speech Acts in “Critical Eleven”. RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa, 6(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.22225/jr.6.1.1275.1-6
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 171 times
PDF downloaded = 112 times

Most read articles by the same author(s)