Problematika Komunikasi Politik Pendanaan Pembangunan Ibu Kota Negara Nusantara

  • Abdul Rahman Ma'mun Universitas Paramadina
Keywords: the National Capital; political communication; funding, The National Capital City, political communication, funding

Abstract

This paper discusses the issue of the policy of relocating the National Capital (IKN) which has raised controversy, lawsuits and rejection from some people, even though it has been supported by the IKN Law Number 3 of 2022. The purpose of writing this article is to answer the question of how to communicate the political communication of the policy of relocating the IKN and why do political communication problems arise regarding funding for the development of the IKN Nusantara? Political communication theory from Pureklolon (2016) and Harold D. Laswell (2016) is used to analyze political communication from actors, the Government, to the media and the public with 'messages' regarding IKN funding. Political economy theory a classical approach from Caporaso (2008) is used to analyze the choice of IKN funding policies that rely on the private sector and foreign investors rather than the state budget. This study uses a qualitative method with inductive and descriptive analytical data analysis, namely building patterns, categories, and themes from the bottom up (inductive), from empirical observations of socio-political phenomena. The results of the discussion of this study show that the problems of political communication in IKN funding arise due to 3 factors, (1) There is no political communication strategy plan for relocating the IKN in the Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Communication and Informatics (Kemkominfo) 2020-2024 even though IKN is a national strategic program. It is not clear who the Government's 'communicator' is and there is no 'single narrative' as the main 'message' of political communication (2) Transparency of IKN funding sources and when funding from investors does not meet expectations is also unclear (3) Crisis communication mitigation is not prepared to overcome political communication with potential investors or the public. The three factors causing the problem of political communication on IKN funding, if left unchecked, will make the public tend to doubt that the issue of IKN funding will be able to be managed properly by the Government.

References

Alfarizi, M. K. (2022, Desember 14). Tempo.co. Retrieved from https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/1668279/bahlil-sebut-negara-asal-investor-ikn-uea-cina-taiwan-korea-selatan-dan-eropa

Anugrah, P. (2022, November 12). IKN Nusantara: Siapa yang Mendanai Pembangunan Ibu Kota Baru?

Baharudin, N. Q. (Maret 2022). Bibliometric Analysis of Socio-Political Research on Capital Relocation: Examining Contributionsto the Case of Indonesia. Journal of Local Government Issues LOGOS 5 (1).

Caporaso, J. A. (2008). Teori-Teori Ekonomi Politik, Penerjemah, Suraji. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

CNN Indonesia. (2022, Oktober 10). CNN Indonesia. Retrieved from https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20220720140507-12-823876/mk-tolak-3-gugatan-uu-ikn-termasuk-dari-din-syamsuddin

Creswell, J. J. (2016). Research Design, Pendekatan Metode Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Campuran Edisi Keempat. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Fairoussaniy, M. (2022, Maret 29). kaltim.tribunnews.com. Retrieved from https://kaltim.tribunnews.com/2022/03/29/tanggapi-isu-crowdfunding-pembangunan-ikn-wagub-hadi-mulyadi-beritanya-masih-simpang-siur

Gaffar, E. N. (2022). Symposium IKN: Challenges and Obstacles Scholary Approach. Jakarta: Pascasarjana Ilmu Politik, FISIP Universitas Indonesia.

Greenpeace Indonesia. (2019, Agustus 27). Greenpeace.org. Retrieved from https://www.greenpeace.org/indonesia/siaran-pers/3652/tanggapan-greenpeace-indonesia-terhadap-rencana-pemindahan-ibu-kota-indonesia-ke-kalimantan-timur/

Harisson, L. (2007). Metodologi Penelitian Politik. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Group.

Hariyadi. (Juni 2020). Kendala dan Tantangan Implementasi Kebijakan Pemindahan IKN pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Parliamentary Review Vol. II No. 2.

Haryanti, R. (2022, Oktober 10). Pidato Kenegaraan Jokowi an Wacana Pemindahan Ibu Kota, Kompas.com.

INDEF. (2019). Brief Policy: Dampak Pemindahan Ibu Kota Negara Terhadap Perekonomian Indonesia. Jakarta: Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (INDEF).

Koran Tempo. (2022). Monolak Konsultasi Basa-Basi. Jakarta: PT. Tempo Inti Media, Tbk.

Majelis Media MPR. (2022). Pemindahan Ibu Kota Negara. Jakarta: Majelis Media MPR Edisi 03/XV/Maret 2022.

Pratama, R. A. (2022, Maret 25). Katadata. Retrieved from Katadata.co.id: https://katadata.co.id/rezzaaji/indepth/623d64a757dd8/beban-berat-apbn-menanggung-pembiayaan-ikn.

Proklolon, T. (2016). Komunikasi Politik. -: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Saputro, A. D. (2022, Oktober 18). politik.brin.go.id. Retrieved from https://politik.brin.go.id/kolom/pemilu-partai-politik-otonomi-daerah/absennya-kepublikan-dalam-wacana-pemindahan-ibu-kota-negara/

Syaka, H. d. (2022). Analisis Komunikasi Politik dalam Percepatan Pembangunan Ibu Kota Nusantara (IKN) Menuju Kota Berkelanjutan. Journal of Government and Politics (JGOP).

Victoria, A. O. (2022, Oktober 10). Katadata.co.id. Retrieved from Agatha Olivia Victoria, (2022), Bappenas: APBN Danai Biaya Pemindahan Ibu Kota Negara Rp. 93,5 Trliiun, Katadata.co.id, https://katadata.co.id/berita/2019/08/21/bappenas-apbn-danai-biaya-pemindahan-ibu-kota-negara-rp-935- diakses 10 Oktober 2022.

Wahid, U. (2016). Komunikasi Politik, Teori, Konsep dan Aplikasi pada Era Medi Baru. Bandung: Simbiosa Rekatama Media.

Wulandari, E. (2022). Policy Brief Public Private Partnership Sebagai Solusi Pembiayaan Pembangunan Ibu Kota Negara (IKN). Bandung: Universitas Padjajaran.

Peraturan Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika Republik Indonesia Nomor Tahun 2020 Tentang Rencana Strategis Kementerian Komunikasi Dan Informatika Tahun 2020-2024.

Peraturan Presiden (Perpres) Nomor 18 Tahun 2019 tentang Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional (RPJMN) 2020-2024.

Rencana Peraturan Pemerintah (RPP) tentang Pendanaan IKN, draf 18 Maret 2022.

Rencana Strategis Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika 2020-2024.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 3 Tahun 2022 Tentang Ibu Kota Negara (UU IKN)

Published
2023-03-14
How to Cite
Ma’mun, A. R. (2023). Problematika Komunikasi Politik Pendanaan Pembangunan Ibu Kota Negara Nusantara. Politicos: Jurnal Politik Dan Pemerintahan, 3(1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.22225/politicos.3.1.2023.1-16
Abstract viewed = 871 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded = 1275 times