Politik Aksi Humaniter Organisasi Kemanusiaan Dalam Menangani Imigran Ilegal Tahun 2016 (Studi Kasus IOM dan UNHCR di Surabaya)

  • Made Selly Dwi Suryanti Universitas Cenderawasih, Jayapura
Keywords: Illegal Immigrants, Humanitarianisme, New Humanitarianism


This paper aims to observe the principles of humanitarianism in the current era. The principle of humanitarianism which consists of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence tends to be ignored. The neglect is based on the interests carried by each humanitarian organization. Therefore, the principle tends to be mixed with political affairs. This practice can be seen from the two humanitarian organizations IOM and UNHCR in carrying out their role in dealing with illegal immigrants, especially at the Immigration Detention Center, Surabaya. In practice the element of importance is given priority, giving rise to a dilemma for both organizations in carrying out their mandate as a humanitarian organization. These dilemmas include limited resources, internal work relations patterns of personnel, humanitarian worker’s motivation. Because of the dilemma, it is almost difficult for both organizations to adopt the principle of humanitarianism. In the end, combining elements of interest becomes a new term in humanitarian action. The term is known as new humanitarianism. This writing uses qualitative research methods with primary and secondary data sources. Primary data taken through interviews, observations and secondary data sources taken through books, journals, online news, government regulations. The discussion of this paper will use several concepts, namely humanitarianism and new humanitarianism.


Barnett, M. (2005). Humanitarianism Transformed. American Political Science Association, 3(4), 723–740. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/3688176

Barnett, M., & Weiss, T. G. (2008). Humanitarianism in Question: Politics, Power, Ethics. United Stated of America: Cornell University Press. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7591/j.ctt7v7ms

Bett, A., & Loescher, G. (2011). Refugees in International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Global Humanitarian Assistance. (2013). International Humanitarian Responses 2008 – 2013.

Hammond, L. (2015). The Routledge Companion to Humanitarian Action, Chapter 7 Neutrality and Impartiality. New York: Routledge Handbook Online.

Mackintosh, K. (2000). The Principles of Humanitarian Action in International Humanitarian Law. Overseas Development Institute, 1–14. Retrieved from https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/305.pdf

Mills, K. (2005). Neo-Humanitarianism: The Role of International Humanitarian Norms and Organizations in Contemporary Conflict. Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, 11(2), 161–183. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1163/19426720-01102004

Phillips, J. (2015). Asylum seekers and refugees: what are the facts? Australia: Parliament of Australia. Retrieved from https://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id:%22library/prspub/HGNW6%22

Suryanti, M. D. S. (2014). Implementasi Kebijakan Pemerintah Indonesia dalam Menangani Imigran Ilegal di Rudenim Bangil. Universitas Udayana.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (2013). The mandate of the High Commissioner for Refugees and his Office. Retrieved from https://www.unhcr.org/526a22cb6.html

Vaux, T. (2006). Humanitarian trends and dilemmas. Development in Practice, 16(3&4), 240–354. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/09614520600694653

Wahyuni, T. (2015). UNHCR: Jumlah Pengungsi di Indonesia Meningkat. Retrieved from https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20150728204221-20-68699/unhcr-jumlah-pengungsi-di-indonesia-meningkat/

Zachary, G. P. (2008). Humanitarian Dilemmas. Www.Wilsonquarterly.Com. Retrieved from https://www.wilsonquarterly.com/quarterly/summer-2008-saving-the-world/humanitarian-dilemmas/

Abstract viewed = 43 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded = 28 times