LEGACY IN DIFFERENT RELIGION AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WAJIBAH HERITAGE AGAINST NON MOSLEM HEIR IN INDONESIAN
This study examines more deeply about the judge's consideration in establishing a Muslim as an heir of the assets of a non-Muslim heir in Indonesia, and why wajibah must be chosen as a solution in providing inheritance to non-Muslim heirs in Indonesia. This research is a normative legal research by using statute approach conceptual approach and case approach. The result showed that firstly the judges' considerations that deviate from the Word of the Prophet (peace be upon him): "It is not right for a Muslim to inherit unbelievers, nor do infidels inherit Muslims" is based on the values of justice and legal certainty regarding the rights of heirs to the inheritance arising from the relationship of the heirs arising from the relationship kinship that is so close and peaceful despite different beliefs/different religions, the ability of Muslim heirs to receive inheritance from non-Muslim heirs will bring more kemashalatan (goodness) for Islam. By leaving the inheritance of non-Muslim heirs to Muslim heirs, it will safeguard these assets to bring good deeds in accordance with the teachings in Islam. Secondly, mandatory wills are chosen as a way out in giving inheritance to non-Muslim heirs, because the heir does not leave a will or grant during his lifetime to non-Muslim heirs, so that for the sake of fairness, usefulness and legal certainty, the judge with his authority has the authority to determine compulsory testaments to non-Muslim heirs. Because the kinship system in Islamic law is more important when compared to religious differences as a barrier to inheritance.
Alias Azhar, Mohammad Azam Hussain, Muhammad Hafiz Badarulzaman, & Fauziah Mohd Noor. (2014). Pengurusan Harta Dalam Islam : Perspektif Hibah Di Malaysia. Journal of Human Development and Communication, 3, 115–128. Retrieved from http://dspace.unimap.edu.my/xmlui/handle/123456789/41560
Anshori, A. G. (2012). Hukum Kewarisan Islam Di Indonesia: Eksistensi dan Adaptabilitas. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Ash-Shabuni, M. A. (2013). Hukum Waris Dalam Islam. Jawa Barat: PT.Fathan Prima Media.
Haries, A. (2010). Hukum Kewarisan Islam. Samarinda: P3M Samarinda.
Mertokusumo, S. (2010). Hukum Acara Perdata Indonesia (Edisi revi). Yogyakarta: Cahaya Atma Pustaka.
Nugraheni, D. B., & Ilhami, H. (2014). Pembaruan Hukum Kewarisan Islam di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Setiawan, E. (2017). Penerapan Wasiat Wajibah Menurut Kompilasi Hukum Islam (KHI) Dalam Kajian Normatif Yuridis. Muslim Heritage, 2(1), 43. https://doi.org/10.21154/muslimheritage.v2i1.1045
Siddik, A. (1984). Hukum Waris Islam dan Perkembangannya di Seluruh Dunia Islam. Jakarta: Widjaja.
Sulong, J. (2008). Kedudukan Mazhab Syafi’i dalam amalan pembahagian pusaka dan wasiat Islam di Malaysia. Jurnal Syariah, 16(1), 163–183. Retrieved from https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JS/article/view/22781
Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945.
Kompilasi Hukum Islam, Instruksi Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 154 tahun 1991.
Undang-undang nomor 48 tahun 2009 tentang kekuasaan kehakiman, Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2009 Nomor 157.
Undang-undang no.7 tahun 1989 tentang Peradilan Agama, Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1989 Nomor 49.
Al-Qur’an Surat An-Nisa, Surat Al-Baqarah, Surat Al-Luqman.
Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Notariil
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).