Peran Model Pengembangan Pariwisata Berbasis Masyarakat (Community Based Tourism) Dalam Mewujudkan Pariwisata Berkelanjutan (Sustainable Tourism) di Bali

  • Indah Permatasari Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Warmadewa
Keywords: community-based tourism, sustainable tourism, tourism

Abstract

Tourism industry is a collection of interrelated tourism businesses, which aim to meet the needs of tourists in the administration of tourism. Of course, in an effort to meet the needs of tourists for the purpose of organizing tourism, cooperation from various parties is needed, both the local community, government, local government, and tourism entrepreneurs. The local community plays a particularly important role in the development of the tourism industry. In fact, in the provisions of Article 5 of Law Number 10 of 2009 concerning Tourism, principles of tourism implementation are regulated, one of which is empowering local communities. The problem that then arises is that sometimes the development of the tourism industry is not directed at the development of sustainable tourism. This is indicated by the existence of several tourism supporting facilities that are built not in accordance with their designation. This research is an empirical legal research that uses primary and secondary data with the aim of revealing the role of community-based tourism development models in realizing sustainable tourism in Bali. The results of the research show that the community-based tourism development model puts emphasis on the active role or participation of the community in the development of tourism. Furthermore, one of the goals of the community-based tourism is to realize sustainable tourism development. The local community plays a very important role in realizing sustainable tourism. Roles of the government, local governments, and tourism entrepreneurs are also of great importance in the context of realizing sustainable tourism.

Author Biography

Indah Permatasari, Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Warmadewa

References

Adikampana, I. M. (2017). Pariwisata Berbasis Masyarakat. Denpasar: Cakra Press.

Asia Pasific Economic Cooperation. (2009). Handbook on Community Based Tourism, How to Develop and Sustain CBT). SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE), Tourism Working Group (TWG). Retrieved from https://www.apec.org/publications/2009/12/handbook-on-community-based-tourism-how-to-develop-and-sustain-cbt-december-2009

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). (2016). ASEAN Community Based Tourism Standard. Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat.

Asy’ari, R., Tahir, R., Rakhman, C. U., & Putra, R. R. (2021). Pengembangan Pariwisata Berbasis Masyarakat di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Jurnal Socius: Journal of Sociology Research and Education, 8(1), 47–58. Retrieved from http://socius.ppj.unp.ac.id/index.php/socius/article/view/292

Dewi, M. H. U. (2013). Pengembangan Desa Wisata Berbasis Partisipasi Masyarakat Lokal Di Desa Wisata Jatiluwih Tabanan, Bali. Kawistara : The Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(2). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.3976

Effendi, D., & Prastiyo, E. B. (2020). Strategi Pengembangan Pariwisata Berbasis Masyarakat Di Kampung Tanjung Siambang Kota Tanjungpinang. Jurnal Neo Societal, 5(4). Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.52423/jns.v5i4.12739

Kemenparekraf/ Baparekraf RI, 2022, https://www.kemenparekraf.go.id/ragam-pariwisata/7-Desa-Wisata-yang-Mengusung-Konsep-Sustainable-Tourism

Kemenparekraf/ Baparekraf. (2022). Destinasi Wisata Berbasis Sustainable Tourism di Indonesia, diakses pada tanggal 1 Juli 2022 URL: https://kemenparekraf.go.id/ragam-pariwisata/Destinasi-Wisata-Berbasis-Sustainable-Tourism-di-Indonesia

Kementrian Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif. (2020). Outlook Pariwisata& Ekonomi Kreatif Indonesia.

Musaddad, A. A., Rahayu, O. Y., Pratama, E., Supraptiningsih, & Wahyuni, E. (2009). Pembangunan Pariwisata Berkelanjutan Di Indonesia. Dinamika Administrasi: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Dan Manajemen, 2(1). Retrieved from https://sasanti.or.id/ojs/index.php/jda/article/download/27/43

Rahayu, S., Dewi, U., & Fitriana, K. N. (2016). Pengembangan Community Based Tourism Sebagai Strategi Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Masyarakat Di Kabupaten Kulon Progo, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora, 21(1). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.21831/hum.v21i1.13111

Suansri, P. (2003). Community Based Tourism Handbook. Thailand: Rest Project.

United Nation Environment Programme World Tourism Organization, 2005, Making Tourism More Sustainable, A Guide for Policy Makers.

Wijaya, N. S., & Sudarmawan, I. W. E. (2019). Community Based Tourism Sebagai Strategi Pengembangan Pariwisata Berkelanjutan di DTW Ceking Desa Pekraman Tegallalang. Jurnal Ilmiah Hospitality Management, 10(1), 77–98. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.22334/jihm.v10i1.162

Yamashita, S. (2011). Community-Based Associations for Sustainable Tourism Development: Fostering Sustainable Development in Developing Countries. Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet. Retrieved from http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A465809&dswid=578

Published
2022-07-26
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 2242 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded = 6736 times