The Principles of Language Politeness in Putri Untuk Pangeran Soap Opera

  • Marthin Herci Brand
  • I Wayan Budiarta Magister Ilmu Linguistik, Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar
  • I Gusti Ayu Agung Dian Susanthi Magister Ilmu Linguistik, Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar
Keywords: Politeness, Function, Implicature

Abstract

This study aims to describe (1) the fulfillment and violations of language politeness, (2) the function of language politeness, and (3) the implicature of language politeness. The theory used in this study is the politeness theory proposed by Leech (1983). This type of research is descriptive qualitative. The method used in this research is to use documentation method, observation method and note taking technique. This type of research is descriptive qualitative. The source of data in this study is 32 downloaded episodes of sinetron that were rerun on RCTI’s official account on YouTube. Researchers used documentation methods, observation methods, and note taking techniques to collect the data. The data that has been collected is classified first. Then the data is analyzed based on fufillment and violation, function and implicature of language politeness. Research results are presented using informal methods. The results shows that there were 5 maxims in Sinetron Putri Untuk Pangeran, namely 7 maxims of wisdom, 8 maxims of generosity, 7 maxims of respect and 1 maxim of violation of respect, 1 maxim of humility and 1 maxim of compatibility maxim and 2 violations of compatibility maxim. The politeness functions found consist of 4 declarative functions, 10 interrogative functions, 31 imperative functions, 4 apologizing functions and 4 criticizing functions. The implicatures contained in this sinteron are 1 conventional implicature, 6 unconventional implicatures and 8 assumptions from implicatures.

References

Alwi, Hasan, dkk. 2003. Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia (edisi ketiga). Jakarta: Balai Pustaka
Artha, N. P. V. M. 2019. Politeness in Anggoro Ihank’s “Pak Guru Inyong” Comic.
Austin, John Langshaw. 1962. How to Do Things With Words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Brown, Gillian dan George Yule.1996. Analisis Wacana (edisi terjemahan oleh I. Soetikno). Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Brown, Penelope and Stephen C. levinson. 1992. Politeness in Some Universal in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Budiarta, I. W., & Rajistha, I. G. N. A. (2018). Politeness in “Adit dan Sopo Jarwo” animation. Lingua Cultura, 12(1), 25-30.
Chaer, Abdul. 2010. Kesantunan Berbahasa. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Chapman, S., & Clark, B. (Eds.) (2014). Pragmatic Literary Stylistics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Dardjowidjojo, Soedjono. 2003. Psikolinguistik: Pemahaman Bahasa Manusia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
Doko, Y. D. (2017). Kesantunan Berbahasa Dalam Kumpulan Cerita Rakyat Nusa Tenggara Timur. Universitas Warmadewa.
Grice, H. P. (1975). Logic and Conversation. In P. Cole & J. L. Morgan (Eds.), Syntax and Semantics 3: Speech Acts (pp. 41-58). New York: Academic Press.
Huang, Yan. (2007). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Iswara, A. A. & Susana, K. Y. (2019). Analisis Kesantunan Bahasa Media Sosial: Komunikasi Mahasiswa Kepada Dosen STMIK STIKOM Indonesia. KULTURISTIK: Jurnal Bahasa & Budaya.
Labib, Muh 2002. Potret Sinetron Indonesia: Antara Realitas Virtual dan Realitas Sosial. Jakarta: PT. Mandar Utama Tiga. Books Division.
Levinson, Stephen C. 1983. Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Leech, G. (1993). Prinsip-Prinsip Pragmatik. Jakarta: UI Press.
Mujiyono Wiryationo.1996. Implikatur Percakapan Anak Usia Sekolah Dasar. Malang: IKIP Malang.
Nababan. P.W.J. 1987. Ilmu Pragmatik. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
Pratama, H., Nurkamto, J., Rustono, R. & Marmanto, S. (2017). Second Language Learners’ Comprehension of Conversational Implicatures in English. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies. Vol. 23(3).
Pranowo. 2009. Berbahasa Secara Santun. Jakarta: Pustaka Belajar.
Rahardi, Kunjana. 2005. Pragmatik; Kesantunan Imperatif Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: University Press.
Rohmadi, Muhammad dan I.D.P Wijana. 2011. Analisis Wacana Pragmatik Kajian Teori dan Analisis. Surakarta: Yuma Pustaka.
Rustono. 1999. Pokok-pokok Pragmatik. Semarang: CV IKIP Semarang Press.
Samsuri. 1987. Analisis Bahasa. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Speaks, J. (2008). Conversational implicature, thought, and communication. Journal compilation, 23(1).
Sudaryanto. 1993. Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.
Susanthi, I. G. A. A. D. (2020). Kesantunan Dalam Percakapan Pemandu Wisata di Ubud Bali. Universitas Warmadewa. KULTURISTIK: Jurnal Ilmu Bhasa dan Budaya.
Wawan, Kuswandi. 1996, Komunikasi Massa Sebuah Analisis Media Televisi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1996.
Yule, George.2006. Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Zamzani. 2007. Kajian Sosiopragmatik. Yogyakarta: Cipta Pustaka.
Zamzani & Rahayu, Y.E. (2017). Yang Penting Wacana. Yogyakarta: UNY Press.
Published
2022-04-01
How to Cite
Marthin Herci Brand, I Wayan Budiarta, & I Gusti Ayu Agung Dian Susanthi. (2022). The Principles of Language Politeness in Putri Untuk Pangeran Soap Opera. RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa, 8(1), 90-98. https://doi.org/10.55637/jr.8.1.4886.90-98
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 48 times
PDF downloaded = 39 times