Gambaran Infeksi Soil Transmitted Helminth Pada Petani Di Desa Gelgel Kabupaten Klungkung

  • putu indah budi apsari Medical faculty and health science of warmadewa university
  • Ni Wayan Winianti Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar, Bali
  • Heny Arwati Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar, Bali
  • Yoes Prijatna Dachlan Universitas Warmadewa, Denpasar, Bali

Abstract

Soil transmitted helminth (STH) infections is kind of helminth infection which transmitted by contact with warm and moist soil especially affect the farmer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the profile of STH infection and the intensity of STH infection among farmers in Gelgel Village, Klungkung, Bali. The cross sectional study was conducted in Gelgel Village, Klungkung District, Bali and obtained stool and quitionaires from farmers by informed consent. Kato-Katz technique was used to diagnose the STH infection and to determine the intensity of infection based on the number of eggs per gram feces (EPG). Total 162 stool samples were collected from farmers aged 25-80 years, 22 farmers was positive of STH infection and 140 farmers was negative of STH infection. The result showed prevalence of STH infection was 13,5%, single infection of A. lumbricoides was 1.85%, 9.26% of T. trichiura single infection, and 0.61% of Hookworm single infection. The mixed infection was detected that were 1.23% of  A. lumbricoides with T. trichiura, and 0.61% of A. lumbricoides  with Hookworm. STH infection is the health problem among farmer. The farmer must be admitted antihelminthic drugs for preventing and eleminating STH infection.

References

Apsari, P. I. B.; Arwati, H.; Dachlan, Y. P. 2018. Correlation Of Eosinofil And Basophil Count With Intensity Of Soil Transmitted Helminth Infection Among Farmers In Bali. Iop Conference Series: Materials Science And Engineering, Volume 434, Issue 1, Pp. 012142 (2018).

Apsari PIB, Heny Arwati, Yoes Prijatna Dachlan. 2019. Correlation Of Total Ige Level And Intensity Of Infection Among Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis Farmers In Klungkung Regency, Bali, Indonesia. Folia Medica Indonesiana. Vol 55, No 2 (2019)

Apsari PIB, Anak agung gede Indraningrat, Heny Arwati, Yoesprijatna Dachlan2short Communication: Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection Among Farmers In Gelgel Village, Klungkung District, Bali, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. Volume 21 Number 4 Pp 1535-1540.

WHO, 2017. World Health Organization. www.who.int/intestinal_worms (Diakses 16 Agustus 2017).

Widjana, D. P. & Sutisna, P., 2000. Prevalence Of Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection in the rural population of Bali, Indonesia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health, 31(3), pp. 454-459.

Pham-Duc, P., Nguyen-Viet, H. & Hattendorf, J., 2013. Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura infections associated with wastewater and human excreta use in agriculture in Vietnam. Parasitology International, Volume 62, pp. 172-180.

Amoah, I. D., Abubakari, A. & Stenstrom, T. A., 2016. Contribution of Wastewater Irrigation to Soil Transmitted Helminths Infection among Vegetable Farmers in Kumasi, Ghana. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 10(12), pp. 1-12.

Kasimo, Elfred S., Arwati, H. & Suwarno, 2016. Gambaran Basofil, TNF-α, dan IL-9 Pada Petani Terinfeksi STH di kabupaten Kediri. Jurnal Biosains Pascasarjana, 18(3), pp. 1-13.

Sudarmaja, I., 2011. Epidemologi Infeksi Kecacingan di Bali, Bali: Laboratorium Parasitologi Universitas Udayana.

CDC, 2013., Soil Transmitted Helminth. Center of Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov/parasites/sth (Diakses tanggal 10 September 2017).

Biro Humas Provinsi Bali, P. S. D. P. B., 2017. Biro Humas dan Protokol Sekretariat Daerah Provinsi Bali. www.birohumas.baliprov.go.id (Diakses 16 Agustus 2017).

Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Klungkung., 2015. Profil Kesehatan Kabupaten Klungkung, Klungkung: Pemerintah Kabupaten Klungkung.

BPS Kabupaten Klungkung, Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten Klungkung., 2013. Angka Sementara Hasil Sensus Pertanian 2013, Klungkung: Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Klungkung.

Sastroasmoro, S. & Ismael, S., 2014. Dasar-Dasar metodologi Penelitian Klinis. 5 ed. Jakarta: Sagung Seto.

WHO, 1991. Basic Laboratory Method in Medical Parasitology. 1 ed. Geneva: World Health Organzation.

Speich, B. Ali, Said M; Albonico, Marco; Utzinger, Jung; Keiser, Jennifer., 2015. Quality Control in The Diagnosis of Trichuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides using kato-Katz technique: experienced from three randomized controlled trials. Parasites & Vector, 8(82), pp. 1-8.

Steinbaum, L. Kwong, Laura H.; Ercumen, Ayse; Negash, Makeda S.; Lovely, Amira J.; Njenga, Sammy M.; Boehm, Alexandria B.; Pickering, Amy J.; Nelson, Kara L., 2017. Detecting and enumerating soil-transmitted helminth eggs in soil: New method development and results from field testing in Kenya and Bangladesh. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 11(4), pp. 1-15.

BAPPEDA Kabupaten Klungkung., 2008. Profil Kabupaten Klungkung Tahun 2008, Klungkung: BPS Kabupaten Klungkung.

Jourdan, P. M., Lamberton, P. H. L., Fenwick, A. & Addiss, D. G., 2017. Soil-transmitted helminth infections. Seminar, pp. 1-14.

Bopda, J., Nana-Djeunga, H. & Tenaguema, J., 2016. Prevalence and intensity of human soil transmitted helminth infections in the Akonolinga health district (Centre Region,Cameroon): Are adult hosts contributing in the persistence of the transmission?. Parasite Epidemiology and Control, Volume 1, pp. 199-204.

Manz, Kirsi M., Clowes, Petra, Kroidi, Inge, Kowuor, Dickens O., Geldmacher, Cristof, Ntinginya, Nyanda E. Maboko, Leonard, Hoelscher, Michael, Saathof, Elmar. 2017. Trichuris ttrichiura infection and its relation to environmental factor in Mbeya region, Tanzania: A cross-sectional, population-based study. PLOS One, Volume 12(4), pp. 1-16.

Ensink, J. H., Hoek, W. v. d. & Mukhtarb, M., 2005. High risk of hookworm infection among wastewater farmers in Pakistan. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Volume 99, pp. 809-811.

Periago, M. RenataC.Diniz; SimoneA.Pinto; Yakovleva, Anna; Oliveira, Rodrigo Correa; J.Diemert, David; M.Bethony, Jeffrey., 2015. The Right Tool for the Job:Detection of Soil Transmitted Helminths in Areas Co-endemic for Other Helminths. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 9(8), pp. 1-15.

Farrar, J., Hotez, P. J. & Junghanss, T., 2014. Manson’s Tropical Disease. 23rd ed. China: Elsevier.

Faulkner, Helen, Joseph Turner, Joseph Kamgno, Se ´bastien D. Pion, Michel Boussinesq, and Janette E. Bradley. 2002. Age and Infection Intensity Dependent Cytokine and Antibody Production in Human Trichuriasis: The Importance of IgE. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 185, pp. 665–672

Paniker, C. K. J. & Gosh, S., 2013. Medical Parasitology. Seventh ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Mecidal Publishers.

Lamberton, P. H. & Jourdan, P. M., 2015. Human Ascariasis: Diagnostic Update. Curr Trop Med Rep, Volume 3, pp. 1-12.

Levecke, B. Behnke, Jerzy M.; Ajjampur, Sitara S. R.; Albonico, Marco; Ame, Shaali M.; Charlier, Johannes; Geiger, Stefan M.; Hoa, Nguyen T. V.; Ngassam, Romuald I. Kamwa; Kotze, Andrew C.; McCarthy, James S.; Montresor, Antonio; Maria V. Periago., 2010. A Comparison of the Sensitivity and Fecal Egg Counts of the McMaster Egg Counting and Kato-Katz Thick Smear Methods for Soil-Transmitted Helminths. PLOS Neglected Tropical Disease, 5(6), pp. 1-10.

Mofid, L. S., Bickle, Q. & Jiang, J.-Y., 2011. Soil-transmitted Helminthiasis in Rural South-west China: prevalence, intensity and risk factor analysis. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health, 42(3), pp. 513-526.

Apsari PIB. 2018. Hubungan Kadar Ige Total, Jumlah Eosinofil Dan Basofil Dengan Intensitas Infeksi Ascaris Lumbricoides, Trichuris Trichiura Dan Hookworm Pada Petani Di Kabupaten Klungkung Provinsi Bali. Tesis. Program Pascasarjana Fakultas Kedokteran. Universitas Airlangga.

Published
2020-11-23
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 130 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded = 174 times