Legal Protection For Indonesian Migrant Workers From a Criminal Act of Trafficking
AbstractViolations committed by private worker placement companies in deploying ineligible, illegal and/or non-procedural workers abroad can lead to a criminal act of Trafficking in Persons. Required procedures of Indonesian workers placement to foreign countries based on Law No. 39 of 2004 were not properly conducted, and accordingly, as prescribed in the provisions of Law No. 39 of 2004, such action is potential to be classified as criminal acts of human trafficking. Legal protection for Indonesian workers who are assigned overseas is of preventive form, that is legal protection provided starting from the pre-placement period: placement period, up to a post-placement period; and repressive legal protection, the protection granted through deliberation, but if an opportune agreement cannot be reached through deliberation, the settlement can be done through court institution.
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Legal Material Sources:
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 39 of 2004 concerning Placement and Protection of Overseas Indonesian Workers, State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 133 of 2004.
Law of Republic of Indonesia Number 21 Year 2007 concerning Eradication of Trafficking in Persons (UUPTPPO), State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 58 Year 2007.
Republic of Indonesia Government Regulation Number 4 of 2015 concerning Supervision of the Implementation of Placement and Protection of Indonesian Workers Abroad, State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 30 of 2015.
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