LEGAL PROTECTION ON CULTURAL HERITAGE IN MALANG CITY
AbstractAbstract Protection of cultural heritage is a nation's commitment to protect its cultural heritage. This study aims at finding the relationship between the law on cultural preservation and the law of traditional cultural expression in copyright law, especially about cultural richness and its juridical consequences and to know the application of law on cultural heritage in Malang as mandated by Law Number 11 of 2010 on Cultural Heritage. To achieve these objectives, juridical research was conducted with the orientation of two approaches, namely normative juridical to achieve the first objective, and empirical juridical to achieve the second goal. The normative approach was carried out with the stage of conducting a positive law inventory and its historical context, classification, and semantic, syntactic and phenomenological analysis. Empirical juridical research was conducted by examining how the practice of implementing the cultural heritage law in the field, namely in the city of Malang. Primary data obtained through observation and interviews with informants. Secondary data obtained from the document of education and culture of Malang City, books and related journals. Data analysis was done by triangulation with experts in the field of cultural preservation, presented in the form of description and tables. The results showed that: 1) there is an unconformity between the laws governing cultural heritage and copyright law, especially Traditional Cultural Expression. 2) In the city of Malang, the protection of cultural heritage has not been fully done since there is no Culture Preservation Ethic, Cultural Heritage Team of Malang City that can not work optimally. Keywords: Cultural Reserve, Traditional Cultural Expressions, Cultural Heritage
Antons, Christoph. 2004. ‘Legal Culture and Its Impact on Regional Harmonisation’, in Intellectual Property Harmonisation within ASEAN and APEC, Kluwer Law International.
Brown, Michael F. , 2005. “Heritage Trouble: Recent Work on the Protection of Intangible Cultural Property”, International Journal of Cultural Property, Volume 12, Issue 1, February.
Cohen, Morris L. dan Kent C. Olson. 2016. Legal Research in a Nutshell, (St. Paul Minn: West Publishing Co.
Cheung, P.T.Y. 2011. “Civic Engagement in the Policy Process in Hongkong: Change and Continuity”, Journal of Public Administration and Development, Vol. 31.
Cultural Properties Department, Agency for Cultural Affairs, JAPAN, March 2015. “Cultural Properties for Future Generations: Outline of the Cultural Administration of Japan”, diakses dari http://www.bunka.go.jp/english/index .htm, 27 Desember 2016.
Fitria, Isnen Yahaya Ahmad, Faizah Ahmad, 2015. Conservation of Tangible Cultural Heritage in Indonesia: A Review Current National Criteria for Assessing Heritage Value, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 184.
Francioni, Francesco, 2011. “The Human Dimension of International Cultural Heritage Law: An Introduction,” The European Journal of International Law Vol. 22 no. 1.
Klatt, Matthias. Making the Law Explicit, The Normativity of Legal Argumentation. Portland:Hart Publishing, 2008.
Liputan 6.com., Perlindungan Setengah Matang Ratusan Cagar Budaya Kota Malang, Januari 2017.
Mitsuzane Okauchi, “Looted Cultural Property—Who Owns It?” Waseda University, Waseda Online, diakses tanggal 26 Desember 2016.
Majalah Arkeologi, “Ribuan Benda Sejarah Indonesia di Luar Negeri”, 16 Juli 2013.
Merdeka.com, Malang, 12 Oktpber 2016.
Mastalir, Roger W. “A Proposal for Protecting the “Cultural” and ”Property” Aspects of Cultural Property Under International Law”, Fordham International Law Journal Volume 16, Issue 4 1992 Article 3, hlm. 1037.
Russell, James Edward, 2011. “Cultural Property and Heritage in Japan”, Dissertation, SOAS, University of London.
Scott, Geoffrey R. 2003. The Cultural Property Laws of Japan: Social, Political, and Legal Influences, March Pacific Rim Law & Policy Journal Association.
Stelmach, Jerzy dan Brozek, 2006. Methods of Legal Reasoning, Dodrecht: Springer.
Surya Online, Ini Lokasi dan Bangunan yang Diduga Cagar Budaya Baru di Kota Malang, 4 Pebruari 2017.
Thornbury, Barbara E., 1994. Temple University, Philadelphia, “The Cultural Properties Protection Law and Japan’s Folk Performing Arts”, Asian Folklore Studies，Volume 53.
Konvensi Internasional dan Perundang-Undangan
Berita Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan RI, Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan, 9 Juni 2016
Bern Convention on the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 1886.
Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions 20 October 2005.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948.
International Convention on Social, Cultural, and Political Rights, 1966.
WIPO-UNESCO Model Provision, Geneva, 1982.
Republik Indonesia, Undang Undang Dasar 1945.
Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang Nomor 28 tahun 2014 tentang Undang-Undang Hak Cipta.
Republik Indonesia, Undang-Undang Nomor 11 tahun 2010 tentang Cagar Budaya.
Keputusan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 18 tahun 1997 tentang Pengesahan Berne Convenstion for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.
Kamus dan Ensiklopedia
Gardner, Bryan A. (Ed.). 2009. Black’s Law Dictionary 9th Edition, St.Paul MN: West Publishing Company.
Grondin, Jean. 2005. Dictionary of the History of Ideas. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Library, Gale Group.
Protevi, John (Eds), 2005. The Edinburgh Dictonary of Continental Philosophy, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Edisi Ketiga, Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 2001.
Thomas A. Green, 1997. EBT, An Encyclopedia of Beliefs, Customs, Tales, Music, and Art Santa Barbara, California Denver, Colorado, Oxford, England.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).