The Superstructure of Public Service Advertisements on Plastic Waste

  • Putu Ratna Ariasih Postgraduate Program, Universitas Warmadewa
  • Gusti Made Sutjaja Professor of Linguistics at Postgraduate Program, Universitas Warmadewa
  • Ni Wayan Kasni Postgraduate Program, Universitas Waramadewa
Keywords: Public Service Advertisements, Plastic Waste, Superstructure

Abstract

This study concerns the ad texts from the perspective of discourse structure. At a specific layer, it reveals the superstructure of a five-type public service advertisement text discourse taken from Youtube. The five advertisements in question are “Diet Kantong Plastik”, “Polusi Plastik Multimedia SMKN 1 Surabaya 2018/2019”, “Kampanye Sosial Menguragi Sampah Plastik”, “Kurangi Sampah Plastik” and “Polusi Sampah Plastik”. Achieving this goal was done by making use of a qualitative research design. The data were collected through several procedures namely finding, downloading, filtering, taking notes and researching the data to discover the text superstructure. Data were analyzed using padan method, or identity method. Then the results of data analysis are presented in the form of a description. The study addresses the issue of discourse structure with the superstructure (Dijk, 1980) theory approach. The results of the data analysis showed that each adver- tisement had four sequences of structures, namely introduction, body, closing and conclusion. These four com- ponents are the ones that form the fifth superstructure of the public service advertisements reviewed in this paper. By chance a service advertisement is indeed of many analysable aspects. The present study is only re- stricted to plastic trash community service ads on Youtube. However, public service announcements or adver- tisements can also be obtained from other electronic media such as TV or radio and from the print media. For the futher studies, it is necessary to explore the community service advertisements on plastic waste that are displayed through these media.

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Published
2020-04-28
How to Cite
Ariasih, P. R., Gusti Made Sutjaja, & Kasni, N. W. (2020). The Superstructure of Public Service Advertisements on Plastic Waste. RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa, 6(1), 50-56. https://doi.org/10.22225/jr.6.1.1294.50-56
Section
Articles
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