Wellbeing: As a Mediator of the Influence of Spiritual Leadership on Employee Creativity

  • Dwi Widyani Anak Agung Management Study Program, Faculty of Economics and Business, Mahasaraswati University
  • I Nyoman Teja Sukma Dwijendra Management Study Program, Faculty of Economics and Business, Mahasaraswati University
  • Ni Kadek Ananda Putri Anggarani Management Study Program, Faculty of Economics and Business, Mahasaraswati University
Keywords: employee creativity, spiritual leadership, well-being


This study aims to examine wellbeing as a mediator of the influence of spiritual leadership on the creativity of employees at Village Credit Institutions (LPD). The study was conducted on LPDs in Tabanan district which had the highest number of healthy LPDs. Determination of the number of research samples obtained by a number of 75 LPD employees, using the slovin formula with a precision of 10 percent. Respondents were determined by simple random sampling from a number of LPDs in Tabanan district. Analysis of research data using smartPLS 3.2.9. The results of this study indicate that spiritual leadership and wellbeing have a significant positive effect on the creativity of LPD employees, spiritual leadership has a significant positive effect on wellbeing, and wellbeing plays a role as a mediating influence of spiritual leadership on the creativity of LPD employees.


Abbas, M. W., Rafi, N., Dost, M. K. B., & Ali, M. (2021). Role of organizational justice in facilitating LMX and its impact on psychological Well-Being and creativity of employees. Multicultural Education, 7(8), 144-155.

Achi, S. E., & Maamari, B. E. (2021). The mediating effect of coaching acceptance between employees' creativity, motivation, commitment and OCB on performance. International Journal of Trade and Global Markets, 14(3), 225-246. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTGM.2021.115714

Amabile, T. M. (1983). The social psychology of creativity: A componential conceptualization. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol, 45, 357–376. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.45.2.357

Arshad, A., & Abbasi, A. S. (2014). Spiritual leadership and psychological ownership: Mediating role of spiritual wellbeing. Science International, 26(3), 1265-1269.

Astuti, R. J., & Haryani, S. P. (2021). Workplace Spirituality as Mediation of Spiritual Leadership to Affective Commitment. In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020-Accounting and Management (ICoSIAMS 2020) (pp. 72–77). Atlantis Press. doi:10.2991/aer.k.210121.011

Baik, C., Larcombe, W., & Brooker, A. (2019). How universities can enhance student mental wellbeing: The student perspective. Higher Education Research & Development, 38(4), 674-687. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2019.1576596

Chraif, M., & Dumitru, D. (2015). Gender differences on wellbeing and quality of life at young students of psychology. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 180, 1579-1583. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.02.310

Erdem, A. R., & Adiguzel, D. C. (2019). The opinions of primary school teachers on their creative thinking skills. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 19(80), 25-38. https://doi.org/10.14689/ejer.2019.80.2

Fiori, M., Fischer, S., & Barabasch, A. (2022). Creativity is associated with higher well-being and more positive COVID-19 experience. Personality and Individual Differences, 194(111646), 1–4. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2022.111646

Fry, L. W. J., & Egel, E. (2017). Spiritual leadership. 2017 Volume 20 Issue 3, (3). https://doi.org/10.5465/AMBPP.2017.12548abstract

Fry, L. W. (2003). Toward a theory of spiritual leadership. The leadership quarterly, 14(6),693-727.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2003.09.001

Fry, L. W. (2005). Introduction to the leadership quarterly special issue: Toward a paradigm of spiritual leadership. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2005.07.001

Fry, A., Littlejohns, T. J., Sudlow, C., Doherty, N., Adamska, L., Sprosen, T., ... & Allen, N. E. (2017). Comparison of sociodemographic and health-related characteristics of UK Biobank participants with those of the general population. American journal of epidemiology, 186(9), 1026-1034.

Henker, N., Sonnentag, S., & Unger, D. (2015). Transformational leadership and employee creativity: The mediating role of promotion focus and creative process engagement. Journal of Business and Psychology, 30(2), 235-247. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-014-9348-7

Hondzel, C. D., & Hansen, R. (2015). Associating creativity, context, and experiential learning. Education Inquiry, 6(2),23403. https://doi.org/10.3402/edui.v6.23403

Hunsaker, W. D. (2020). Spiritual leadership and employee innovation. Current Psychology, 1-10.Jeon & Choi,2020

Joo, B. K., Yang, B., & McLean, G. N. (2014). Employee creativity: The effects of perceived learning culture, leader–member exchange quality, job autonomy, and proactivity. Human Resource Development International, 17(3), 297-317. https://doi.org/10.1080/13678868.2014.896126

Jeon, K. S., & Choi, B. K. (2020). A multidimensional analysis of spiritual leadership, affective commitment and employees' creativity in South Korea. Leadership & Organization Development Journal. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-08-2019-0352

Khan, S. M., & Abbas, J. (2022). Mindfulness and happiness and their impact on employee creative performance: Mediating role of creative process engagement. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 44, 101027. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2022.101027

Liu, D., Jiang, K., Shalley, C. E., Keem, S., & Zhou, J. (2016). Motivational mechanisms of employee creativity: A meta-analytic examination and theoretical extension of the creativity literature. Organizational behavior and human decision processes, 137,236-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2016.08.001

Luqman, A., Talwar, S., Masood, A., & Dhir, A. (2021). Does enterprise social media promote employee creativity and well being?. Journal of Business Research, 131, 40-54.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2021.03.051

Miao, R., & Cao, Y. (2019). High-performance work system, work well-being, and employee creativity: Cross-level moderating role of transformational leadership. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(9),1640.https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091640

Putra, G. B. L., Widyani, A. A. D., & Widnyana, I. W (2022) The Effect of Spiritual Leadership and Organizational Culture on Employee Performance with Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCB) As Intervening Variables. American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research (AJHSSR) Vol.06, Issue-07, pp-264-272, e-ISSN : 2378-703X

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual review of psychology, 52,141.https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.141

Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well being. Journal of personality and social psychology, 57(6), 1069.https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.1069

Semedo, A. S. D., Coelho, A. F. M., & Ribeiro, N. M. P. (2016). Effects of authentic leadership, affective commitment and job resourcefulness on employees’ creativity and individual performance. Leadership & Organization Development Journal. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-02-2015-0029

Tierney, P., & Farmer, S. M. (2002). Creative self-efficacy: Its potential antecedents and relationship to creative performance. Academy of Management journal, 45(6), 1137-1148. https://doi.org/10.2307/3069429

Y. Q., Gardner, D. G., & Chen, H. G. (2018). Relationships between work team climate, individual motivation, and creativity. Journal of Management, 44(5), 2094-2115.

Hassan, M. U., Malik, A. A., Hasnain, A., Faiz, M. F., & Abbas, J. (2013). Measuring employee creativity and its impact on organization innovation capability and performance in the banking sector of Pakistan. World Applied Sciences Journal, 24(7), 949-959.

Karim, A., Bakhtiar, A., Sahrodi, J., & Chang, P. H. (2022). Spiritual leadership behaviors in religious workplace: the case of pesantren. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 1-29. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603124.2022.2076285

Dwi Widyani, A. A., Landra, N., Sudja, N., Ximenes, M., & Sarmawa, I. W. G. (2020). The role of ethical behavior and entrepreneurial leadership to improve organizational performance. Cogent Business & Management, 7(1), 1747827. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2020.1747827

Woodman, R. W., Sawyer, J. E., & Griffin, R. W. (1993). Toward a theory of organizational creativity. Academy of management review, 18(2), 293-321.Wright, T.A.; Walton, A.P. Affect, psychological well being and creativity: Results of a field study. J. Bus. Manage. 2003, 9, 21–32. https://doi.org/10.2307/258761

Yamin, M. A. Y. (2020). Examining the effect of organizational innovation on employee creativity and firm performance: Moderating role of knowledge sharing between employee creativity and employee performance. International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, 22(3), 447-467. https://doi.org/10.2307/258761

Yang, J., Chang, M., Chen, Z., Zhou, L., & Zhang, J. (2020). The chain mediation effect of spiritual leadership on employees' innovative behavior. Leadership & Organization Development Journal. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-10-2019-0442

Abstract viewed = 243 times
PDF downloaded = 322 times